What is the biosphere?

What is the BIOSPHERE?

The biosphere is made up of all that is living on Earth, from the smallest bacterium to the largest whale.

It includes between 3 and 30 million species of plants, animals, and fungi, and also two kinds of single-celled living things: those without nuclei (prokaryotes) such as bacteria, and those with nuclei (eukaryotes) such as protozoans. The biosphere extends over the Earth's surface in a thin layer from a few kilometers into the atmosphere, in very cold environments, to the deep-sea vents of the ocean depths, in very hot environments.

The biosphere is a life-supporting global ecosystem, where each living things depends on each other and the environment. The ecosystem includes all living organisms and the abiotic (nonliving) environment on which they depend for their energy and the nutrients they need to live.

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